Onion Toxicity in Your Dog

Did you know that onions, and foods related to them, are one of the most dangerous pet toxins out there? Our canine companions are the most commonly affected! Your Marietta, GA veterinarian tells you more below.

Symptoms

The main danger of onion toxicity is a condition called hemolytic anemia; the toxin causes your dog’s red blood cells to rupture. Associated symptoms include nausea, drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, and—without treatment—seizures and death.

Garlic is even more potent than onions themselves. Other dangerous foods related to onions and garlic include leeks, chives, scallions, and shallots.

Treatment

Your dog’s stomach may need to be flushed, or vomiting will be induced to rid the system of the toxin. Activated charcoal may also be administered to slow the poison’s absorption. Supportive therapies like fluid replacement or oxygen supplementation may be needed, and blood transfusions are necessary in severe cases.

Prevention

Of course, it’s best to prevent an episode of onion poisoning entirely. Restrict your dog’s access to onions, garlic, chives, leeks, scallions, and shallots at all costs! Store such foods inside cabinets or the refrigerator.

For more information on onion poisoning, as well as other toxic human foods, call your veterinary clinic Marietta, GA.